Allergies and asthma are common problems in the United States. As the sixth most common cause of chronic illness, allergies are your immune system’s overreaction to particular allergens, like dust or pollen. Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways of the lungs and is one of the most common chronic diseases among children.
Allergies can be as mild as a runny nose and as serious as anaphylactic shock. Mild allergies to pollen, dust mites, and pet dander can be somewhat controlled by keeping your environment clean and air filtered. Medications and allergy injection therapy can help relieve symptoms of allergies. Allergies to foods, insect venom, and medications can be very serious and life threatening. The most severe reaction to an allergen is anaphylaxis, where airways tighten and make breathing difficult, causing numbness and lightheadedness. If you know you are allergic to something, be sure to carry any prescribed medication with you at all times.
Common dangerous allergens include:
- Dairy products
- Bee venom
- Wasp venom
- Fire ant venom