Testicular cancer develops in the testicles, which are the male reproductive organs responsible for producing sperm and the hormone testosterone. It is a relatively rare form of cancer, accounting for only 1% of all male cancers, but it is the most common cancer in men aged 15-35.
What are the risk factors for testicular cancer?
While the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, several factors can increase a man's risk of developing testicular cancer, including:
- Young and middle-aged men
- Family history
- Previous testicular cancer
- White men
What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a painless lump or swelling in the testicle. However, this symptom can also indicate conditions like kidney stones, infections, vein issues, injury, and other noncancerous issues. Other symptoms associated with testicular cancer include:
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
- Back pain
How do you screen for testicular cancer?
While there is no routine screening test for testicular cancer, men can perform regular self-examinations to check for any changes in their testicles. The following are the main screening options for testicular cancer:
- Clinical examination
What are the treatment options for testicular cancer?
If diagnosed with testicular cancer, your treatment options will depend on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as other individual factors. An oncologist may use one or more of these options to treat testicular cancer.
- Radiation therapy
The multidisciplinary team at St. Joseph Health—consisting of oncologists, primary care providers, radiologists, and other specialists—works with patients to recommend a treatment plan customized to their specific situation. Talk to your primary care provider for more information.