Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus. It often develops slowly and may not show any symptoms in its early stages. However, if left untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body.
What are the risk factors of cervical cancer?
- HPV infection
- Having the first full-term pregnancy before the age of 17
- Having three or more full-term pregnancies
- Long-term use of birth control pills
- Weak immune system
- Family history
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
In the early stages, cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms. However, as the cancer grows and spreads, the following symptoms may occur:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding between periods, after sex, or after menopause
- Pain during sex
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain
- Periods that are longer or heavier than normal
How do you detect cervical cancer?
Regular screening is crucial for detecting cervical cancer early, when it is most treatable. The following screening options are available:
What are treatment options for cervical cancer?
The treatment for cervical cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the woman's age and overall health, and whether she wants to have children in the future. Your oncologist may recommend one or more of the following treatment options:
- Radiation therapy
Our team of oncologists at St. Joseph Health is trained to diagnose and treat cervical cancer and can provide you with personalized recommendations. Speak with your primary care provider about any questions or concerns you may have about cervical cancer, as early detection and treatment can greatly improve your chances of recovery.